Perhaps the most interesting and telling fact about UFO sightings is that they have overwhelmingly occurred in the United States.
This might mean that either extraterrestrials are specifically observing the United States or
that the United States is peculiarly rich in those cultural characteristics that stimulate eyewitness reports concerning alleged extraterrestrial encounters.
I believe there is much more evidence for the latter supposition.
In a scientific age where the world’s traditional religions are under constant intellectual and moral attack, it would not be surprising that people would, not despite this but because of this, continue their search for spiritual meaning and situatedness.
As Sigmund Freud once famously proclaimed, many people, perhaps a majority, are possessed of an “oceanic feeling” which naturally leads them to religious speculation and to seek cultural forms of mystical participation.
Since Freud’s time, the “oceanic feeling” has not disappeared apparently, even if the traditional ways in which they have been expressed have significantly weakened.
The peculiar strength of religious feeling in the United States has often been noted starting
with the likes of Tocqueville through Karl Jaspers and continually debated by modern day sociologists. Many theories have been offered to try to explain this cultural phenomenon. The plural nature of the American religious market, the need for a cultural marker to signal
cooperation and safety in a vast unsure continent, the perceived need for a kind of social conformism. Indeed, self-identifying atheists are still at a marked social and political disadvantage within the United States, although there are recent signs that this is rapidly
So while the United States arguably still continues to be bathed in subjective lathes of
“oceanic feeling” the traditional ground and structures that once channeled that feeling have either weakened or, even, disappeared.
Enter the Alien.
A belief in highly intelligent (read technically advanced) aliens is, in many ways, a
perfect expression of a new American religion.
Firstly, in a society that, itself, is highly technical, scientific, expansionary (and at least
mildly threatening), and puts a high cultural value on power, speed, and practical intelligence, Aliens seem to fit the bill of a refracted American presence somewhere beyond our vision, experience, and capabilities. Indeed, it is my view, that “ET” is a
semi-unconscious projection of ourselves: space faring, colonialist, technical without a specific goal or creed other than ceaseless economic expansion.
As Emile Durkheim noted more than a century ago, a people’s religion is a parallax mirror of itself: its self-perception, ideals, fears, wants, and spiritual needs.
The Alien here is a thinly disguised American technocrat or member of a privileged elite.
Powerful, inscrutable, amoral, secretive, vaguely menacing and, above all, omnipresent if not always immediately visible.
The fear and wonder of the
Alien is the fear and wonder of a modern technical civilization that
has seemed to escape any kind of moral control.
Indeed, the religion of the
Alien is more like the religion of Alien ation in
the Hegelian sense.
giving away of ourselves to something outside of us and thus beyond
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